Speculation, speculation, speculation

Speculation, speculation, speculation Lyndsey's Book Blog

Good morning (or evening depending on which hemisphere you’re in), and welcome back to my blog. Today I thought I’d delve into my favourite genre of fiction, and one many people don’t fully understand or perhaps haven’t even heard of – speculative fiction.

Broadly speaking, speculative fiction deals with what might be, or what could have been, and encompasses a wide range of genres including science fiction, fantasy, horror, supernatural and dystopian, as well as alternate histories.

Speculative fiction has been around for centuries, but it’s still often dismissed as ‘genre fiction’. Genre fiction is also known as ‘popular fiction’, and tends to refer to plot-driven books written to fit a particular genre and attract readers who are already familiar with and fans of that specific genre. It’s most common in crime, fantasy, romance, sci-fi, horror and westerns.

There’s absolutely nothing wrong with genre fiction, it serves to provide readers with content they want to read, entertainment and escapism, and that’s no bad thing. It’s more or less the opposite of literary fiction, which tends to be less easy to pigeonhole as one genre or another, and provides a means to better understand the real world via direct references, rather than using metaphors and allegories. Some high-brow literary fiction fans turn their nose up at genre fiction, but it boasts just as many brilliant authors (think Stephen King, Neil Gaiman and George R.R. Martin) and just as many, if not more sales.

But, not all speculative fiction falls into the category of genre fiction.

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Let’s have a look at a few examples of speculative fiction novels and how they fit into the genre:

Science Fiction

Jurassic Park by Michael Crichton

Jurassic Park

Unless you’ve been living under a rock for decades, you’ve definitely heard of Jurassic Park, whether that’s due to the blockbuster movies or Michael Crichton’s original novel. The basic premise is “what if dinosaurs could be scientifically engineered today?” and the results are, well, catastrophic to say the least. But the science is credible, Crichton has really put some thought into his story, and that makes the books even scarier and more gripping.


Harry Potter by J.K. Rowling

Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone JK Rowling Lyndsey's Book Blog

Another one you’ve undoubtedly come across, again possibly because of the movies, but the source material is much deeper and more detailed than the on-screen version. Rowling started with the question “what if magic was real?” and really ran with it, imagining every possible creature, spell and magical object and combining them in an elegant allegory about good and evil.


MARY: The Summoning by Hillary Monahan

MARY The Summoning

We’ve all heard some version of the Blood Mary story, you might even have played the game as a teenager, saying her name into the mirror, scaring yourselves silly for a good laugh. Monahan’s dark YA novel asks “what if the legend of Bloody Mary was real?”. Who was Mary, and why is she out for revenge against teenage girls?


The Handmaid’s Tale by Margaret Atwood

The Handmaid's Tale

Dystopian novels often look at a potential, but far-fetched future, focusing on the current day issues we face and asking, ‘what’s the absolute worst case scenario if we continue down this road?’. Atwood’s popular novel has recently been adapted into a brilliantly close-to-the-bone TV series, updated to reflect today’s reality (the original novel was published almost thirty years ago in 1985). The question Atwood focused on is “what if religious fundamentalists took control of the country?”, and her conclusion is equally credible and horrifying.

Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell


Written in 1948, Orwell’s novel speculated about a communist future for Britain, setting the story in 1984 (he literally just swapped the digits round to get his time period) and getting so many things scarily right. Whilst he might be partly to blame for Big Brother, his vision of a future dominated by television and surveillance/visibility is shockingly prescient.

Alternate History

And I Darken by Kiersten White

And I Darken

White’s YA historical fantasy novel asks the question, “what if Vlad the Impaler had been female?”, and how would the gender swap impact on the legend we all know? The story highlights the inequalities between men and women in the Ottoman Empire, and imagines what would have happened if a bold, empowered woman like Lada had been the daughter of the Wallachian king.

Wolf by Wolf by Ryan Graudin

Wolf by Wolf

Probably one of the most interesting ‘what ifs’ possible: “what if the Nazis had won World War Two?”. Graudin’s novel has Hitler surviving and the combined powers of the Third Reich and Imperial Japan winning the war. With some fantastical elements thrown in, this is a fascinating glimpse of what might have been if the Allies had lost and Nazism survived.


The Mortal Instruments by Cassandra Clare

City of Bones

If you haven’t read the books or seen the 2013 movie with Lily Collins and Jamie Campbell Bower, you might have seen the TV series Shadowhunters with Katherine McNamara and Dominic Sherwood. With the sheer number of supernatural creatures involved, and the vastness of Clare’s fictional world, spanning both space and time over the three series so far (with a fourth in the pipeline I believe), the question The Mortal Instruments centres around is, “what if all the myths and legends were true?”. Mixing urban fantasy with classic supernatural elements, Clare looks at the possibilities in a world where demons, angels, vampires, werewolves, faeries, warlocks, and everything in between, exist.

Speculative fiction isn’t reserved for these genres, if your story looks at what could be, what might have been, or what would happen if, then it might just be a piece of speculative fiction.



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  1. charityrau says:

    Interesting post! Thanks for sharing!


  2. “And I Darken” has a gorgeous cover 🙂 Great post. Thanks for sharing.

    Ronel visiting on Author Toolbox blog hop day: eBooks — The Future or a Mistake?

    Liked by 1 person

  3. I’m always so happy when I see blog posts focusing on genre, especially when they are educational. I, for one, am sorely lacking in this area but am getting more confident. Thank you! Great post. 🙂

    Liked by 1 person

    1. lyndleloo says:

      Thanks Christy! 😊


  4. I recently watched Jurassic Park and Jurassic World and never realized until now that it’s called “speculative fiction”! A new realization!

    Liked by 1 person

  5. TD Storm says:

    As much as I rail against the literary/genre distinction, which becomes particularly problematic when speculative fiction is taken into consideration (The Tempest, 100 Years of Solitude, The Road, The Time Traveler’s Wife, Lincoln in the Bardo, any Kafka or Salman Rushdie or Kelly Link or Aimee Bender or Karen Russell–just to name a few), I still love the taxonomy of speculative fiction, if only to help inspire me with new ideas about how to create weird stories. Thanks!


  6. Such a great definition of spec fic. And you are brilliant, brilliant, I say!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. lyndleloo says:

      Thanks Raimey 😀


  7. WriterDrew says:

    Great article and some great examples.

    Liked by 1 person

  8. Iola Goulton says:

    Fantasy is always an interesting genre for me. I love Harry Potter, yet often say I don’t like fantasy. Is that because I only like certain subgenres, or just that I’ve been subjected to some bad fantasy? I don’t know, but I’d like to know.


  9. elle marr says:

    Oh man, you’ve named many of my favorite books! I’ve never seen a breakdown of speculative fiction before, let alone in such an easily understood format. Thank you for sharing!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. lyndleloo says:

      Thanks Elle! Glad you found it useful 😊

      Liked by 1 person

  10. Thanks for the definition of speculative fiction. I have to admit, I always wondered what it was, but never looked it up. thanks.

    Liked by 1 person

  11. emaginette says:

    I write spec fiction as well, but didn’t know it for years. But when I write, I’m also add mystery and murrrrrderrrrrr. hehehe

    Sorry for being late.

    Anna from elements of emaginette


  12. I just checked out City of Bones! I think I’m doing this… 🙂 I absolutely ADORE Harry Potter and LOVE IT TO PIECES! Great post! Also, And I Darken is AMAZING!

    Liked by 1 person

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